The unique geographical layout of Israel as a terrestrial bridge between Europe and Africa makes Israel a prime location for bird watchers. Along with the Gibraltar peninsula in Southern Spain, Israel is one of the two main routes for birds migrating from Europe towards Africa on the autumn and on their way back on the spring.
The main migration path follows the Great Syrian African rift that runs across the country from the northern Hula Valley (North of the Sea of Galilee) following the Jordan Valley onward until the city of Eilat. Along this route there are multiple observation facilities.
In the Galilee & Golan area – Agmon HaHula.
Near Jerusalem & Tel Aviv
Another important observatory is located on the main highway (route #1) midway between Tel Aviv and Jerusalem in the Latrun junction. This observatory operates a radar to follow bird migration paths and cooperates with the Israeli Air Force to avoid damage to both aircraft as well as to the birds. The site is located near the Armoured Corps Museum and is only availabel to tour groups by Prior Arrangement.