The Christian Quarter occupies the northwest quadrant of the Old City. It is home to several dozen Christian institutions ranging from churches and monasteries to schools, clinics, printing presses and pilgrims hostels belonging to numerous denominations. The Church of the Holy Sepulcher lies on its eastern edge with several of the stations not directly on the Via Dolorosa. See Christian Quarter Photo Album.
Christian Sites in the Old City
The Via Dolorosa in the Old City of Jerusalem is the most important street, or more aptly route, in the world for most of Christendom. It is revered in most Christian traditions as the route which Jesus carried the cross from the Praetorium, where he was condemned to Golgotha or Calvary, with the addition of the Unction Stone and tomb. It comprises 14 stations. The last four are inside the Church of the Holy Sepulchre. It is not uncommon to encounter groups of pilgrims following the route. Some pilgrim groups even ply the route carrying large wooden crosses.
Introduction to the Church of the Holy Sepulchre
The Church of the Holy Sepulchre is the holiest place in Jerusalem for most Christians (See also Christian Quarter Photo Album.) It is revered as the site of the crucifixion and burial of Jesus, as well as several additional associated events. The church also incorporates a variety of other Christian holy sites, among them the burial place of Adam - the first man, the navel of the world and the cave where the 'true cross' was discovered. The pope's call to rescue the Church of the Holy Sepulchre from the Holy Land's Moslem rulers caused the Crusades and it continues to be a major destination for most Christian pilgrims.